Effects of dietary supplementation of cysteamine on growth performance, carcass quality, serum hormones and gastric ulcer in finishing pigs

Cheng Bo Yang, Ai Ke Li, Yu Long Yin, Rui Lin Huang, Tie Jun Li, Li Li Li, Yi Ping Liao, Zey Yan Deng, Jun Zhang, Bin Wang, Young Gang Zhang, Xiaojian Yang, Jian Peng, Ming Z. Fan

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    37 Scopus citations

    Abstract

    A study was conducted to determine the effects of graded levels of dietary inclusion of a cysteamine (Cs) preparation on growth performance, carcass quality, plasma hormone levels, gastric pH and occurrence of gastric ulcer in finishing pigs. A total of 384 Landrace x Large White finishing pigs, (192 gilts and 192 barrows) with an average initial body weight of 66.05 ± 0.623 kg (mean ± SEM) were randomly divided into 24 floor pens, with eight gilts and eight barrows in each pen (9.2 m2) as one experimental unit. The 24 pens of pigs were randomly allocated to one of three diets: (1) a maize/soybean meal basal diet; (2) the basal diet plus 30 mg Cs kg-1 diet; and (3) the basal diet plus 50 mg Cs kg-1 diet. Dietary supplementation of Cs had quadratic effects (P < 0.01) on final body weight and average daily gain, with optimal responses occurring at 30 mg kg -1. Dietary supplementation of Cs quadratically improved (P < 0.01) average daily feed intake and feed/gain ratio, with optimal responses occurring at 30 mg kg-1. Dietary supplementation of Cs had a quadratic effect (P < 0.01) on muscle RNA/DNA ratio. Furthermore, dietary supplementation of Cs reduced (P < 0.05) back-fat thickness. Dietary supplementation of Cs had quadratic effects (P < 0.05) on plasma glucagon and T3 hormone levels, with optimal responses occurring at 30 mg kg -1, but had no effect (P > 0.05) on plasma growth hormone, insulin and T4 levels. There were no apparent pathological changes seen in the stomach mucosa of pigs fed at 30 mg Cs kg-1 compared with the control diet. It is concluded that a low dose of dietary inclusion of Cs at 30 mg kg-1 can improve growth performance and carcass quality without adverse effects on the stomach in finishing pigs.

    Original languageEnglish (US)
    Pages (from-to)1947-1952
    Number of pages6
    JournalJournal of the Science of Food and Agriculture
    Volume85
    Issue number11
    DOIs
    StatePublished - Aug 30 2005

    Keywords

    • Carcass quality
    • Cysteamine
    • Finishing pigs
    • Gastric ulcer
    • Growth performance

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