Effects of demineralization depth on microtensile bond strength to human dentin

Mauro F. Nunes, Edward J. Swift, Jorge Perdigao

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

7 Scopus citations

Abstract

Purpose: To evaluate the effect of different phosphoric acid concentrations (10% and 37%) on the microtensile bond strengths (uTBS) of three dentin adhesive systems with different solvents (ethanol, acetone, or none). Materials and Methods: Eighteen third molars divided into six groups were ground flat to expose superficial dentin, which was polished to 600-grit. The bonding procedure was initiated using either of two phosphoric acid gels (10% and 37%). Three adhesive systems - Single Bond (SB), Prime & Bond NT (NT), and One Coat Bond (OC) - with different solvents (ethanol, acetone, or none, respectively) were used. After adhesive application, a cylinder of composite resin was built up. After 24 h water storage, each tooth was serially sectioned into thin rectangular sections (or "sticks") parallel to the long axis and with a mean cross-sectional area of 0.4 mm2. pTBS were determined using an Instron universal testing machine. Data were analyzed using two-way ANOVA and Duncan's test. Results: Mean bond strengths ranged from 66.1 MPa for 10% HsP04 and SB to 43.8 MPa for 37% H3P04 and OC. SB and OC tended to have slightly higher bond strengths when 10% HaP04 was used. NT with 37% H3P04 had a significantly higher uTBS (54.6 MPa) than NT with 10% H3P04 (44.4 MPa). Conclusion: Etching dentin with 37% HaP04 resulted in a significantly higher mean uTBS for the acetonebased adhesive NT. For both the ethanol- and water-based adhesive (SB) and the solvent-free adhesive (OC), acid concentration did not significantly affect bond strength.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)137-143
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Adhesive Dentistry
Volume3
Issue number2
StatePublished - Dec 1 2001

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