INTRODUCTION: We investigated whether decreasing ventilator circuit changes from every 2 days to every 7 days would impact ventilator-associated pneumonia rates at our institution. METHODS: All mechanically ventilated patients at Peking Union Medical College Hospital were studied over a 21 month period. From March 1998 to February 1999, ventilator circuits were changed every 2 days, and from June through December 1999, ventilator circuits were changed every 7 days. Nosocomial pneumonia was identified using the criteria of the Centers for Disease Control. RESULTS: In the 2-day-change group, there were 2,277 ventilator-patient days and 38 patients developed pneumonia, resulting in a pneumonia rate of 16.7 cases per 1,000 ventilator days. The 7-day-change group accumulated 972 ventilator days and 8 patients contracted pneumonia, resulting in a pneumonia rate of 8.2 cases per 1,000 ventilator days. The pneumonia rate was significantly lower in the 7-day-change group (p = 0.007). To standardize for seasonal variability, we compared results from the same seasonal time frames (June to December 1998 for the 2-day-change group, and June to December 1999 for the 7-day-change group), and obtained similar findings: during those periods, pneumonia rates were 24.2 cases per 1,000 ventilator days for the 2-day-change group and 8.9 cases per 1,000 ventilator days for the 7-day-change group (p = 0.001). CONCLUSIONS: A circuit change interval of 7 days had a lower risk of ventilator-associated pneumonia than a 2-day change interval. Therefore, ventilator circuits can be safely changed every 7 days in our setting.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||6|
|State||Published - Sep 1 2001|
- Mechanical ventilation
- Nosocomial pneumonia
- Respiratory therapy
- Ventilator circuit change