Effects of corn oil and wheat brans on bile acid metabolism in rats

D. D. Gallaher, P. M. Franz

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

18 Scopus citations

Abstract

High concentrations of colonic bile acids may promote tumor formation. Some studies have found that high levels of dietary fat increase fecal bile acid excretion, whereas others report no effect. Wheat bran appears to reduce fecal bile acid concentration. This study was conducted to determine the effect of different dietary fat levels and types of wheat bran on bile acid metabolism. Rats were fed diets containing either no fiber, 2% cholestyramine (CHO) or brans of hard red spring, soft white winter or durum wheat - at both a 5 or 20% fat level. Animals were fed for 7 wk, and feces were collected in the last week. Wheat bran (all types) significantly increased fecal mass approximately fourfold, and CHO significantly increased fecal mass twofold compared to the fiber-free diet. Increasing the fat level did not increase fecal bile acid excretion, nor did the addition of wheat bran. Addition of CHO, however, more than doubled it. CHO increased fecal bile acid concentration, all wheat brans decreased it and fat level had no effect. Bile acid pool size was increased slightly by fat level and cholestyramine feeding but not by wheat brans. These results indicate that fat level slightly alters bile acid metabolism but that wheat brans do not.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1320-1330
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Nutrition
Volume120
Issue number11
DOIs
StatePublished - 1990

Keywords

  • Bile acids
  • Cholestyramine
  • Dietary fat
  • Dietary fiber
  • Rats

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