Effects of collagen heterogeneity on myocardial infarct mechanics in a multiscale fiber network model

Christopher E. Korenczuk, Victor H. Barocas, William J. Richardson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

9 Scopus citations

Abstract

The scar that forms after a myocardial infarction is often characterized by a highly disordered architecture but generally exhibits some degree of collagen fiber orientation, with a resulting mechanical anisotropy. When viewed in finer detail, however, the heterogeneity of the sample is clear, with different subregions exhibiting different fiber orientations. In this work, we used a multiscale finite element model to explore the consequences of the heterogeneity in terms of mechanical behavior. To do so, we used previously obtained fiber alignment maps of rat myocardial scar slices (n=15) to generate scar-specific finite element meshes that were populated with fiber models based on the local alignment state. These models were then compared to isotropic models with the same sample shape and fiber density, and to homogeneous models with the same sample shape, fiber density, and average fiber alignment as the scar-specific models. All simulations involved equibiaxial extension of the sample with free motion in the third dimension. We found that heterogeneity led to a lower degree of mechanical anisotropy and a higher level of local stress concentration than the corresponding homogeneous model, and also that fibers failed in the heterogeneous model at much lower macroscopic strains than in the isotropic and homogeneous models.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number091015
JournalJournal of biomechanical engineering
Volume141
Issue number9
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 2019

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
Copyright © 2019 by ASME.

Keywords

  • Collagen
  • Heterogeneity
  • Multiscale finite element
  • Myocardial infarct
  • Scar

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