Effects of cavities on EEG dipole localization and their relations with surface electrode positions

Bin He, Toshimitsu Musha

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

20 Scopus citations

Abstract

Effects of cavities in the human head on EEG dipole localization have been investigated by computer simulation. The human head is represented by a homogeneous spherical conductor including an eccentric spherical cavity which approximates effects of actual cavities inside the head. The homogeneous sphere model is used for assessing the effects caused by neglecting the cavity in the volume conductor model in the inverse dipole fitting procedure. Four electrode configurations have been examined to investigate their relation to the EEG inverse dipole solution. After examination of 2520 dipoles in the brain, the effects of cavities in the human head are found to be negligible when the dipole is located in the cortex or in the subcortex. When the dipole is located in the brain stem, the EEG inverse dipole solution is strongly affected by the cavity and is sensitive to the electrode configuration on the scalp. The EEG inverse dipole solution in the deep brain is sensitive to inhomogeneity in the lower part of the head when a single positive or negative potential pole is observed by the electrodes on the scalp, and at the same time is sensitive to the extent of the scalp covered by the electrodes. In conclusion, the electrodes should cover as much of the upper scalp as possible for deep source localization.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)269-282
Number of pages14
JournalInternational Journal of Bio-Medical Computing
Volume24
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1989

Keywords

  • Cavity
  • EEG
  • Eccentric spherical model
  • Electrode location
  • Inverse dipole solution

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