Effects of aluminum on rat bone cell populations

Louis S. Kidder, Gordon L. Klein, Caren M. Gundberg, Patricia K. Seitz, Norma H. Rubin, David J. Simmons

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

16 Scopus citations

Abstract

Aluminum (Al) loading is associated with reduced bone formation and osteomalacia in human and certain animal models. However, uncertainty exists as to the cellular effect(s) of Al as both inhibition and stimulation of osteoblast proliferation have been reported. Furthermore, the extent to which Al affects osteoprogenitor cell populations is unknown. To determine the cellular effects of Al in the rat, an animal model in which Al bone disease has been produced, we compared the in vitro effect of 10-50 μ Al on the proliferation and hydroxyproline collagen formation of marrow osteoprogenitor stromal cell populations and perinatal rat calvarial osteoblasts. In subconfluent cultures, Al suppressed proliferation of both marrow fibroblast-like stromal cells and calvarial osteoblasts. In confluent cultures, however, Al selectively stimulated periosteal fibroblast and osteoblast DNA synthesis and collagen (hydroxyproline) production, both in the presence or absence of 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D. Osteocalcin was not detected in osteoblast-conditioned media or extracellular matrix. These observations suggest that the bone formation defect associated with Al toxicity in growing rats may be a function of impaired patterns of osteoprogenitor/osteoblast proliferation. Furthermore, the Al-stimulated increase in collagen formation is consistent with the development of osteomalacia in Al-toxic humans and animals. The mechanism by which Al stimulated DNA synthesis and collagen production in more mature cultures awaits further study.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)357-361
Number of pages5
JournalCalcified Tissue International
Volume53
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 1 1993

Keywords

  • Aluminum
  • Extracellular matrix
  • Marrow stromal cell
  • Osteoblasts
  • Vitamin D

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