Effects of adding weight to the torso on roll-over characteristics of walking

Andrew H. Hansen, Dudley S. Childress

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

54 Scopus citations


Ten participants without physical impairment walked with 0 kg, 11.5 kg, and 23.0 kg of added weight equally distributed about the torso in a harness. At each weight level, the participants walked at slow, normal, and fast self-selected walking speeds. We examined the roll-over characteristics by determining the ankle-foot and knee-ankle-foot roll-over shapes. These shapes, which are the effective rockers created by the respective lower-limb systems between heel contact and opposite heel contact of walking, are found'if one transforms the center of pressure of ground reaction force into body coordinate systems. The roll-over shapes of the ankle-foot and knee-ankle-foot systems did not change appreciably with added weight at any of the1 three walking speeds. The invariance of these biologic systems to added weight should be considered when prostheses and orthoses are designed that intend to replace and augment their function in walking.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)381-390
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Rehabilitation Research and Development
Issue number3
StatePublished - May 2005


  • Ankle
  • Foot
  • Gait
  • Human movement
  • Knee
  • Orthotics
  • Prosthetics
  • Rockers
  • Roll-over shapes
  • Weighted walking


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