Effects of a Telehealth Care Coordination Intervention on Perceptions of Health Care by Caregivers of Children With Medical Complexity: A Randomized Controlled Trial

Wendy S Looman, Megan Antolick, Rhonda G. Cady, Scott A Lunos, Ann E Garwick, Stanley M Finkelstein

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

11 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Introduction: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effect of advanced practice registered nurse (APRN) telehealth care coordination for children with medical complexity (CMC) on family caregiver perceptions of health care. Method: Families with CMC ages 2 to 15 years (. N = 148) were enrolled in a three-armed, 30-month randomized controlled trial to test the effects of adding an APRN telehealth care coordination intervention to an existing specialized medical home for CMC. Satisfaction with health care was measured using items from the Consumer Assessment of Healthcare Providers and Systems survey at baseline and after 1 and 2 years. Results: The intervention was associated with higher ratings on measures of the child's provider, provider communication, overall health care, and care coordination adequacy, compared with control subjects. Higher levels of condition complexity were associated with higher ratings of overall health care in some analyses. Discussion: APRN telehealth care coordination for CMC was effective in improving ratings of caregiver experiences with health care and providers. Additional research with CMC is needed to determine which children benefit most from high-intensity care coordination.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)352-363
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of Pediatric Health Care
Volume29
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 1 2015

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Telemedicine
Caregivers
Randomized Controlled Trials
Delivery of Health Care
Nurses
Child Care
Health Personnel
Patient-Centered Care
Communication
Research

Keywords

  • Care coordination
  • Chronic conditions
  • Medical complexity
  • Satisfaction
  • Telehealth

Cite this

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abstract = "Introduction: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effect of advanced practice registered nurse (APRN) telehealth care coordination for children with medical complexity (CMC) on family caregiver perceptions of health care. Method: Families with CMC ages 2 to 15 years (. N = 148) were enrolled in a three-armed, 30-month randomized controlled trial to test the effects of adding an APRN telehealth care coordination intervention to an existing specialized medical home for CMC. Satisfaction with health care was measured using items from the Consumer Assessment of Healthcare Providers and Systems survey at baseline and after 1 and 2 years. Results: The intervention was associated with higher ratings on measures of the child's provider, provider communication, overall health care, and care coordination adequacy, compared with control subjects. Higher levels of condition complexity were associated with higher ratings of overall health care in some analyses. Discussion: APRN telehealth care coordination for CMC was effective in improving ratings of caregiver experiences with health care and providers. Additional research with CMC is needed to determine which children benefit most from high-intensity care coordination.",
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AU - Antolick, Megan

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AU - Lunos, Scott A

AU - Garwick, Ann E

AU - Finkelstein, Stanley M

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AB - Introduction: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effect of advanced practice registered nurse (APRN) telehealth care coordination for children with medical complexity (CMC) on family caregiver perceptions of health care. Method: Families with CMC ages 2 to 15 years (. N = 148) were enrolled in a three-armed, 30-month randomized controlled trial to test the effects of adding an APRN telehealth care coordination intervention to an existing specialized medical home for CMC. Satisfaction with health care was measured using items from the Consumer Assessment of Healthcare Providers and Systems survey at baseline and after 1 and 2 years. Results: The intervention was associated with higher ratings on measures of the child's provider, provider communication, overall health care, and care coordination adequacy, compared with control subjects. Higher levels of condition complexity were associated with higher ratings of overall health care in some analyses. Discussion: APRN telehealth care coordination for CMC was effective in improving ratings of caregiver experiences with health care and providers. Additional research with CMC is needed to determine which children benefit most from high-intensity care coordination.

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