Effectiveness of motivational interviewing for improving physical activity self-management for adults with type 2 diabetes: A review

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

14 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objectives: This review examines the effectiveness of motivational interviewing for physical activity self-management for adults diagnosed with diabetes mellitus type 2. Motivational interviewing is a patient centered individually tailored counseling intervention that aims to elicit a patient’s own motivation for health behavior change. Review questions include (a) How have motivational interviewing methods been applied to physical activity interventions for adults with diabetes mellitus type 2? (b) What motivational interviewing approaches are associated with successful physical activity outcomes with diabetes mellitus 2? Methods: Database searches used PubMed, CINAHL, and PsycINFO for the years 2000 to 2016. Criteria for inclusion was motivational interviewing used as the principal intervention in the tradition of Miller and Rollnick, measurement of physical activity, statistical significance reported for physical activity outcomes, quantitative research, and articles written in English. Results: A total of nine studies met review criteria and four included motivational interviewing interventions associated with significant physical activity outcomes. Discussion: Findings suggest motivational interviewing sessions should target a minimal number of self-management behaviors, be delivered by counselors proficient in motivational interviewing, and use motivational interviewing protocols with an emphasis placed either on duration or frequency of sessions.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)54-68
Number of pages15
JournalChronic Illness
Volume14
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 1 2018
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • diabetes
  • Diabetes type 2
  • exercise
  • motivational interviewing
  • physical activity

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