Effectiveness of a training program to increase the capacity of health care providers to provide HIV/AIDS care and treatment in Swaziland

H. N. Kamiru, M. W. Ross, L. K. Bartholomew, S. A. McCurdy, M. W. Kline

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

10 Scopus citations


Implementation of HIV care and treatment programs in sub-Saharan Africa is a complex undertaking that requires training of health care providers (HCPs). Many sub-Saharan African countries have introduced training programs to build human resources for health. Evaluation of the ongoing trainings is warranted so that programs can be improved. The purpose of this study was to evaluate Baylor International Pediatric AIDS Initiative's (BIPAI) HCP training program in Swaziland. The specific aims were: (1) to assess coverage and delivery of the training program; and (2) to determine the impact of the training program on HCPs' knowledge about HIV and pediatric practices, attitudes toward HIV/AIDS patients, and self-efficacy to provide antiretroviral therapy (ART). The evaluation was a multimethod design with two types of data collection and analysis: (1) one-group pretest-posttest survey with 101 HCPs; and (2) semi-structured in-depth interviews with seven trainers from Baylor College of Medicine and 16 local HCPs in Swaziland. Quantitative data were analyzed using Stata Statistical Software version 8.2 for descriptive and multivariate analysis while factor analysis was done using Statistical Program for Social Sciences version 14. The transcribed interviews were analyzed using a didactic approach. Process evaluation showed that the training had good coverage, was delivered as intended, and improved as the work progressed. The training program led to a significant increase (p=0.0000) in HCPs' knowledge about HIV/AIDS, ART, and relevant clinical pediatrics practices between pretest (mean 68.7% SD 13.7) and post training (mean 84.0% SD 12.0). The training program also increased trainees' self-efficacy to provide ART and their attitudes toward AIDS patients (p=0.0000 and 0.02, respectively). In conclusion, BIPAI training program in Swaziland had good coverage of all health care facilities and HCPs in Swaziland. The training was effective in imparting knowledge and skills to HCPs and in their attitudes toward HIV/AIDS patients.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1463-1470
Number of pages8
JournalAIDS Care - Psychological and Socio-Medical Aspects of AIDS/HIV
Issue number11
StatePublished - Nov 2009

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
The research was part funded by Baylor College of Medicine Grant D43 TW01036 from the Fogarty International Center of the National Institutes of Health through the AIDS International Training and Research Program (AITRP), and by the Division of Health Promotion and Behavioural Sciences, University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston, School of Public Health.


  • Antiretroviral therapy
  • Effectiveness
  • Health care provider
  • Sub-Saharan Africa
  • Training


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