To study the effects of water quality and planting method on wheat yield, a field experiment was conducted. The study indicated that grain yield and yield components decreased with the utilization of saline irrigation water. However, salinity had the least effect in the system using furrow-irrigated raised wavy beds with 60 cm furrow to furrow width (FIRWB60) because it had less surface soil salinity compared to conventional flat planting (FP). For the FIRWB60 system, 1000-grain weight, grain protein, and leaf chlorophyll content were greater than FP. This resulted in grain yield increases of 5.3 and 12.5%, for FIRWB60 in the saline irrigation water of 8 and 12 dS m-1, respectively, compared with FP. Based on the grain yield and yield components, it can be concluded that FIRWB is a suitable planting system for reducing salinity defects. Therefore, it can provide sustainable agriculture in arid and semi-arid regions.
- Chlorophyll content
- Conventional flat planting
- Furrow-irrigated raised wavy beds
- Grain yield
- Winter wheat