Effect of water quality and different planting methods onwheat yield

Ehsan Ghane, Behrouz Mostafazadeh-Fard, Mohammad Feizi, Esmail Landi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Scopus citations

Abstract

To study the effects of water quality and planting method on wheat yield, a field experiment was conducted. The study indicated that grain yield and yield components decreased with the utilization of saline irrigation water. However, salinity had the least effect in the system using furrow-irrigated raised wavy beds with 60 cm furrow to furrow width (FIRWB60) because it had less surface soil salinity compared to conventional flat planting (FP). For the FIRWB60 system, 1000-grain weight, grain protein, and leaf chlorophyll content were greater than FP. This resulted in grain yield increases of 5.3 and 12.5%, for FIRWB60 in the saline irrigation water of 8 and 12 dS m-1, respectively, compared with FP. Based on the grain yield and yield components, it can be concluded that FIRWB is a suitable planting system for reducing salinity defects. Therefore, it can provide sustainable agriculture in arid and semi-arid regions.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)369-380
Number of pages12
JournalCommunications in Soil Science and Plant Analysis
Volume42
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2011

Keywords

  • Chlorophyll content
  • Conventional flat planting
  • Furrow-irrigated raised wavy beds
  • Grain yield
  • Salinity
  • Winter wheat

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