Effect of temperature and sanitizers on the survival of feline calicivirus, Escherichia coli, and F-specific coliphage MS2 on leafy salad vegetables

Paul B. Allwood, Yashpal S. Malik, Craig W Hedberg, Sagar M Goyal

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

68 Scopus citations

Abstract

We conducted a series of experiments to compare the survival of Escherichia coli, feline calicivirus, and F-specific coliphage MS2 on lettuce and cabbage with and without disinfection. Inoculated produce was held at 4, 25, or 37°C for 21 days or was treated with different concentrations of sodium bicarbonate, chlorine bleach, peroxyacetic acid, or hydrogen peroxide. Survival was measured by the decimal reduction value (time to 90% reduction in titer) and the change in log titers of the test organisms. A stronger correlation of survival measures was observed between feline calicivirus and MS2 than between E. coli and either of the viral agents at 25 and 37°C. The maximum time to detection limit for MS2 at all temperatures was 9 days, whereas feline calicivirus was detected for a maximum of 14 days at 4°C. In contrast, E. coli was detectable for 21 days at 4 and 25°C and for 14 days at 37°C. Significant increases in E. coli titer occurred within the first 5 days, but virus titers decreased steadily throughout the experiments. E. coli was also highly susceptible to all disinfectants except 1% sodium bicarbonate and 50 ppm chlorine bleach, whereas the viruses were resistant to all four disinfectants.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1451-1456
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of food protection
Volume67
Issue number7
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 2004

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Effect of temperature and sanitizers on the survival of feline calicivirus, Escherichia coli, and F-specific coliphage MS2 on leafy salad vegetables'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this