Effect of support structure on CO 2 adsorption properties of pore-expanded hyperbranched aminosilicas

Jeffrey H. Drese, Sunho Choi, Stephanie A. Didas, Praveen Bollini, McMahan L. Gray, Christopher W. Jones

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

48 Scopus citations

Abstract

Hyperbranched aminosilica (HAS) CO 2 adsorbents are prepared by the ring-opening polymerization of aziridine from SBA-15 mesoporous silica, as in the original synthesis of HAS materials, as well as over an array of new support materials with substantially larger average pore diameters to elucidate the effect of support porosity on final adsorbent properties. Pore-expanded hyperbranched aminosilica (PEHAS) CO 2 adsorbents are prepared from several different pore-expanded, ordered mesoporous silicas including pore-expanded SBA-15, mesocellular foam, and a large-pore commercial silica. The effect of the nature of the silica support is determined by examining the degree of aziridine polymerization and the CO 2 adsorption kinetics and capacities of the resulting organic/inorganic hybrid materials. Comparisons are made to non-pore-expanded SBA-15 based HAS adsorbents, reported previously, where pores become blocked at higher amine loadings. The PEHAS materials unexpectedly possess lower amine loadings than the previously reported HAS materials and do not exhibit pore blocking. The use of acetic acid as a catalyst during PEHAS synthesis only marginally increases amine loading. The adsorption kinetics of PEHAS adsorbents are similar to HAS adsorbents with low amine loadings and do not show the detrimental effects of pore-blocking. However, the inability to synthesize PEHAS adsorbents with high amine loadings via this approach limits the total amount of CO 2 captured per gram of material, compared to HAS adsorbents with high amine loadings.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)231-240
Number of pages10
JournalMicroporous and Mesoporous Materials
Volume151
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 15 2012

Keywords

  • Adsorption
  • Amine
  • CO
  • Carbon capture

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Effect of support structure on CO <sub>2</sub> adsorption properties of pore-expanded hyperbranched aminosilicas'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this