Effect of spatial allocation of green infrastructure on surface-subsurface hydrology in shallow groundwater environment

Kun Zhang, Ting Fong May Chui

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

Green infrastructure (GI) controls surface runoff and restores pre-development hydrological conditions in a more environmental-friendly way. However, shallow groundwater restricts the implementation of GI due to possible groundwater contamination, groundwater flooding, and decline of surface runoff control efficiency. Thus, it is challenging to strike a balance between surface runoff control and groundwater protection. Some design methods have been proposed, but knowledge on how to allocate GI to maximize the benefits and minimize the problems is limited. This study utilized a loosely-coupled hydrological model, named SWMM-MODFLOW, to examine the impact of spatial allocation of GI on surface hydrological performance (e.g., peak and volume reduction of surface runoff and flow of catchment outlet) and groundwater table dynamics (e.g., maximum height of groundwater mound) at an urban catchment at the Kitsap County, Washington State, of the U.S. GI showed good performance in surface runoff reduction even in shallow groundwater environment. It enhanced the formation of groundwater mound but the effect was localized. Porous pavements showed better performance than bioretention cells, particularly in the peak and volume reduction of surface runoff. Bioretention cells allocated aggregately showed slightly better runoff reduction than that allocated distributedly, and GI in upstream areas generated greater groundwater mound than that in downstream areas. The results of this study provide some references for allocating GI in the catchment scale considering surface and subsurface hydrology in shallow groundwater environment.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationWorld Environmental and Water Resources Congress 2019
Subtitle of host publicationWater, Wastewater, and Stormwater; Urban Water Resources; and Municipal Water Infrastructure - Selected Papers from the World Environmental and Water Resources Congress 2019
EditorsGregory F. Scott, William Hamilton
PublisherAmerican Society of Civil Engineers (ASCE)
Pages147-152
Number of pages6
ISBN (Electronic)9780784482360
DOIs
StatePublished - 2019
Externally publishedYes
Event19th World Environmental and Water Resources Congress 2019: Water, Wastewater, and Stormwater; Urban Water Resources; and Municipal Water Infrastructure - Pittsburgh, United States
Duration: May 19 2019May 23 2019

Publication series

NameWorld Environmental and Water Resources Congress 2019: Water, Wastewater, and Stormwater; Urban Water Resources; and Municipal Water Infrastructure - Selected Papers from the World Environmental and Water Resources Congress 2019

Conference

Conference19th World Environmental and Water Resources Congress 2019: Water, Wastewater, and Stormwater; Urban Water Resources; and Municipal Water Infrastructure
Country/TerritoryUnited States
CityPittsburgh
Period5/19/195/23/19

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
This work was funded by the Seed Funding Programme for Basic Research of The University of Hong Kong (Project code: 201611159011). The authors are grateful to the Stormwater Division of the Kitsap County Department of Public Works (Washington, U.S.A.) for providing the monitoring data that made this study possible.

Publisher Copyright:
© ASCE.

Keywords

  • Green infrastructure
  • Groundwater recharge
  • MODFLOW
  • Spatial allocation
  • Stormwater
  • SWMM

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