Effect of relative amplitude and formant transitions on perception of place of articulation by adult listeners with cochlear implants

Mark S. Hedrick, Arlene Earley Carney

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

27 Scopus citations

Abstract

Previous studies have shown that manipulation of a particular frequency region of the consonantal portion of a syllable relative to the amplitude of the same frequency region in an adjacent vowel influences the perception of place of articulation. This manipulation has been called the relative amplitude cue. Earlier studies have examined the effect of relative amplitude and formant transition manipulations upon labeling place of articulation for fricatives and stop consonants in listeners with normal hearing. The current study sought to determine if (a) the relative amplitude cue is used by adult listeners wearing a cochlear implant to label place of articulation, and (b) adult listeners wearing a cochlear implant integrated the relative amplitude and formant transition information differently than listeners with normal hearing. Sixteen listeners participated in the study, 12 with normal hearing and 4 postlingually deafened adults wearing the Nucleus 22 electrode Mini Speech Processor implant with the multipeak processing strategy. The stimuli used were synthetic consonant-vowel (CV) syllables in which relative amplitude and formant transitions were manipulated. The two speech contrasts examined were the voiceless fricative contrast /s/-/∫/ and the voiceless stop consonant contrast /p/-/t/. For each contrast, listeners were asked to label the consonant sound in the syllable from the two response alternatives. Results showed that (a) listeners wearing this implant could use relative amplitude to consistently label place of articulation, and (b) listeners with normal hearing integrated the relative amplitude and formant transition information mare than listeners wearing a cochlear implant, who weighted the relative amplitude information as much as 13 times that of the transition information.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1445-1457
Number of pages13
JournalJournal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research
Volume40
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1997

Keywords

  • Cochlear implants
  • Consonant perception
  • Deafness
  • Integration of acoustic cues
  • Speech perception

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