Effect of pertussis toxin treatment on the down-regulation of opiate receptors in neuroblastoma x glioma NG108-15 hybrid cells

P. Y. Law, A. K. Louie, H. H. Loh

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

55 Scopus citations

Abstract

Chronic treatment of neuroblastoma x glioma NG108-15 hybrid cells with 10 nm [D-Ala2,D-Leu5] enkephalin (DADLE) results in a reduction of cell-surface opiate δ receptors. Whether opiate receptor internalization requires the activation of the guanine nucleotide-binding protein (N(i)) is unclear. Hence, activatin of N(i) was attenuated by treating hybrid cells with 100 ng/ml pertussis toxin (PT) for 3 h, which resulted in a decrease in DADLE's ability to inhibit adenylate cyclase activity. Despite this prior treatment with PT, chronic exposure of these cells to 10 nM DADLE resulted in a time-dependent decrease in both [3H]diprenorphine and[3H]DADLE binding. This reduction in 3H-ligand binding in cells previously treated with PT represented internalization of the receptors because translocation was observed of bound [3H]DADLE from plasma membrane fractions to the lysosomal fractions in the Percoll gradients. Thus, opiate receptors internalize without activation of N(i). The internalization of opiate receptors was not accompanied by N(i). By measuring the amount of the 41-kDa α subunit being labeled by PT with [32P]NAD+, it was determined that plasma membrane preparations, of both the control cells and cells treated with 10 nM of DADLE for 4 h, contained equal concentations of N(i), 2 pmol of N(i)/mg of protein. Additionally, there was no measurable alteration in the amount of PT substrate in the lysosomal fractions of the DADLE-treated cells as compared to that of control cells. Chronic DADLE treatment resulted in a decrease in K(m) value of NAD+ in the ADP-ribosylation of 41-kDa subunit of N(i). In summary, opiate receptors internalize as agonist-receptor complexes without the guanine nucleotide-binding component.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)14818-14823
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Biological Chemistry
Volume260
Issue number27
StatePublished - 1985
Externally publishedYes

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