Effect of perioperative blood transfusion on mortality for major urologic malignancies

Ayman Soubra, Joseph R. Zabell, Oluwakayode Adejoro, Badrinath R. Konety

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

21 Scopus citations

Abstract

Abstract Introduction Patients who undergo surgical treatment for malignancy often receive perioperative blood transfusion (PBT). We examined the association between PBT and mortality in patients who received surgical treatment of prostate, bladder, and kidney cancer. Materials and Methods Using the Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results-Medicare data set from 1992-2009, we identified 28,854 men with prostate cancer, 5462 patients with bladder cancer, and 14,379 patients with renal cell carcinoma who underwent radical prostatectomy (RP), radical cystectomy (RC), or radical (RN) or partial nephrectomy (PN) as primary therapy. Univariate and multivariate models were used to evaluate the association of PBT with cancer-specific mortality (CSM) and all-cause mortality (ACM). Results The rate of PBT in bladder and kidney cancer have been increasing over time, and PBT in prostate cancer steadily increased and peaked in 2002 and declined afterward. The median follow-up for the RP, RC, and RN/PN cohorts were 70 months, 21 months, and 39 months, respectively. In the RP cohort, PBT was associated with greater CSM (hazard ratio [HR], 1.609; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.235-2.097; P =.0004) and ACM (HR, 1.121; 95% CI, 1.006-1.251; P =.0394). In the RC cohort, PBT was not associated with greater CSM (HR, 1.047; 95% CI, 0.917-1.195; P =.4962) or ACM (HR, 1.095; 95% CI, 0.998-1.200; P =.0547). In the nephrectomy cohort, PBT was associated with greater CSM (HR, 1.365; 95% CI, 1.167-1.597; P =.0001) and ACM (HR, 1.402; 1.273-1.544; P <.0001). Conclusion PBT was associated with increased CSM and ACM for prostate and kidney cancer in a multivariate model. Although these data do not identify a causative relationship between PBT and mortality, efforts made to limit PBT in patients who undergo urologic cancer surgery can yield long-term survival benefits.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number351
Pages (from-to)e173-e181
JournalClinical Genitourinary Cancer
Volume13
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 1 2015

Keywords

  • Bladder cancer
  • Blood Transfusion
  • Cancer Specific Mortality
  • Kidney cancer
  • Overall Mortality
  • Prostate cancer

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