Purpose: The purpose of this study was to explore whether adolescents of substance-abusing and depressed parents were more likely to have poor dietary behaviors than those in the healthy comparison families. Methods: The sample consisted of 841 adolescents in families of substance-abusing parents, depressed parents, and parents without a diagnosable psychiatric disorder. All adolescents were given a food frequency questionnaire. Results: Adolescents whose parents had substance abuse disorder had lower intakes of fruits and higher intakes of high fat foods, and also ate more frequently at fast-food restaurants and purchased more snacks. Adolescents whose parents were depressed had lower intakes of all food groups. Mother's mental health status impacted more on adolescents' dietary behaviors than did the father's mental health status. Conclusion: This research suggests that at-risk behaviors among youth of psychiatrically impaired parents may extend to food behaviors.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
From the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Department of Nutrition, School of Public Health, Chapel Hill, North Carolina (L.J.S.); the University of Minnesota, School of Public Health, Division of Epidemiology, Minneapolis, Minnesota (M.S.); and the National Opinion Research Center, University of Chicago, Washington, DC. Address reprint requests to: Mary Story, Ph.D., R.D., Associate Professor, University of Minnesota, School of Public Health, Division of Epidemiology, 1300 South Second Street, Suite 300, Minneapolis, MN 55454-1015. This research was supported by Grant no. DA05617 from the National Institute on Drug Abuse. Manuscript accepted September 17, 1996.
- Adolescent eating behavior
- Parent depression
- Parent substance abuse