Effect of nicotine and tobacco-specific nitrosamines on the metabolism of n'-nitrosonornicotine and 4-(methylnitrosamino)-1-(3pyridyl)-1-butanone by rat oral tissue

Sharon E. Murphy, Rachel Heiblum

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34 Scopus citations

Abstract

The effect of N'-nitrosoanatabine (NAT) and nicotine on the metabolism of N'-nitrosonornicotine (NNN) and 4-(methyl-nitrosamino)-1-(3-pyridyl)-1-butanone (NNK) by cultured rat oral tissue was investigated. The effect of NNN on NNK metabolism and the effect of NNX on NNN metabolism was also determined. NN]K inhibited NNN metabolism more than NNNinhibited NNK metabolism. NAT inhibited the metabolism of NNK but not of NNN. Nicotine, which is present at >500 times the levels of NNN and NNK in smokeless tobacco, inhibited the metabolism of both nitrosamines. Inhibition of1 μM NNN metabolism was greater than that of 1 μM NNK when the concentration of nicotine was 1, 10 or 100 μM. Nicotine at 100 μM inhibited the formation of all metabolites of NNN by 85-92%. These results suggest that NNN and nicotine may be metabolized by a common enzyme.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1663-1666
Number of pages4
JournalCarcinogenesis
Volume11
Issue number9
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 1990

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