Effect of niacin on FGF23 concentration in chronic kidney disease

Madhumathi Rao, Michael W Steffes, Andrew Bostom, Joachim H. Ix

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

13 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: Elevated serum phosphorus and FGF23 are independent cardiovascular risk factors in patients with chronic kidney disease. In a randomized controlled trial of patients with dyslipidemia assigned to either extended release niacin (ERN) alone, ERN combined with the selective prostaglandin D2 receptor subtype 1 inhibitor laropiprant (ERN-L) or placebo, niacin lowered serum phosphorus; however, it is not known if it lowers FGF23 concentrations. Methods: This is an ancillary study to a multicenter, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial among patients with dyslipidemia and an estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) of 30-74 ml/min/1.73 m2. Participants were randomized to ERN-L (n = 162), ERN (n = 97), or placebo (n = 68) in a 3:2:1 ratio for 24 weeks. The primary outcome was a change in serum FGF23 concentrations, and secondary outcomes were changes in other mineral metabolism parameters. Results: Both the ERN and ERN-L groups showed significant declines in serum phosphorus, calcium and calcium·phosphorus product at 24 weeks compared to placebo. A significant decline from baseline (10.9%, p < 0.01) in the serum FGF23 concentration was observed in the ERN group compared to placebo, but not in the ERN-L group compared to placebo (p = 0.36 and 0.97 for ERN-L and placebo, respectively), despite equivalent declines in serum phosphorus. Similarly, the most marked declines in PTH occurred in the ERN-only group versus placebo; no change in PTH was observed in the ERN-L group. Conclusions: In this ancillary study of hyperlipidemic patients with an eGFR of 30-74 ml/min/1.73 m2, ERN alone but not in combination with laropiprant lowered FGF23 and PTH concentrations. If confirmed, niacin may provide a novel strategy to decrease phosphorus, FGF23, and PTH concentrations in patients with chronic kidney disease.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)484-490
Number of pages7
JournalAmerican Journal of Nephrology
Volume39
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2014

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Niacin
Chronic Renal Insufficiency
Placebos
Phosphorus
Serum
Dyslipidemias
Glomerular Filtration Rate
Minerals

Keywords

  • Calcium
  • Cardiovascular disease
  • Growth factor
  • Kidney disease
  • Niacin
  • Phosphorus

Cite this

Effect of niacin on FGF23 concentration in chronic kidney disease. / Rao, Madhumathi; Steffes, Michael W; Bostom, Andrew; Ix, Joachim H.

In: American Journal of Nephrology, Vol. 39, No. 6, 01.01.2014, p. 484-490.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Rao, Madhumathi ; Steffes, Michael W ; Bostom, Andrew ; Ix, Joachim H. / Effect of niacin on FGF23 concentration in chronic kidney disease. In: American Journal of Nephrology. 2014 ; Vol. 39, No. 6. pp. 484-490.
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N2 - Background: Elevated serum phosphorus and FGF23 are independent cardiovascular risk factors in patients with chronic kidney disease. In a randomized controlled trial of patients with dyslipidemia assigned to either extended release niacin (ERN) alone, ERN combined with the selective prostaglandin D2 receptor subtype 1 inhibitor laropiprant (ERN-L) or placebo, niacin lowered serum phosphorus; however, it is not known if it lowers FGF23 concentrations. Methods: This is an ancillary study to a multicenter, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial among patients with dyslipidemia and an estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) of 30-74 ml/min/1.73 m2. Participants were randomized to ERN-L (n = 162), ERN (n = 97), or placebo (n = 68) in a 3:2:1 ratio for 24 weeks. The primary outcome was a change in serum FGF23 concentrations, and secondary outcomes were changes in other mineral metabolism parameters. Results: Both the ERN and ERN-L groups showed significant declines in serum phosphorus, calcium and calcium·phosphorus product at 24 weeks compared to placebo. A significant decline from baseline (10.9%, p < 0.01) in the serum FGF23 concentration was observed in the ERN group compared to placebo, but not in the ERN-L group compared to placebo (p = 0.36 and 0.97 for ERN-L and placebo, respectively), despite equivalent declines in serum phosphorus. Similarly, the most marked declines in PTH occurred in the ERN-only group versus placebo; no change in PTH was observed in the ERN-L group. Conclusions: In this ancillary study of hyperlipidemic patients with an eGFR of 30-74 ml/min/1.73 m2, ERN alone but not in combination with laropiprant lowered FGF23 and PTH concentrations. If confirmed, niacin may provide a novel strategy to decrease phosphorus, FGF23, and PTH concentrations in patients with chronic kidney disease.

AB - Background: Elevated serum phosphorus and FGF23 are independent cardiovascular risk factors in patients with chronic kidney disease. In a randomized controlled trial of patients with dyslipidemia assigned to either extended release niacin (ERN) alone, ERN combined with the selective prostaglandin D2 receptor subtype 1 inhibitor laropiprant (ERN-L) or placebo, niacin lowered serum phosphorus; however, it is not known if it lowers FGF23 concentrations. Methods: This is an ancillary study to a multicenter, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial among patients with dyslipidemia and an estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) of 30-74 ml/min/1.73 m2. Participants were randomized to ERN-L (n = 162), ERN (n = 97), or placebo (n = 68) in a 3:2:1 ratio for 24 weeks. The primary outcome was a change in serum FGF23 concentrations, and secondary outcomes were changes in other mineral metabolism parameters. Results: Both the ERN and ERN-L groups showed significant declines in serum phosphorus, calcium and calcium·phosphorus product at 24 weeks compared to placebo. A significant decline from baseline (10.9%, p < 0.01) in the serum FGF23 concentration was observed in the ERN group compared to placebo, but not in the ERN-L group compared to placebo (p = 0.36 and 0.97 for ERN-L and placebo, respectively), despite equivalent declines in serum phosphorus. Similarly, the most marked declines in PTH occurred in the ERN-only group versus placebo; no change in PTH was observed in the ERN-L group. Conclusions: In this ancillary study of hyperlipidemic patients with an eGFR of 30-74 ml/min/1.73 m2, ERN alone but not in combination with laropiprant lowered FGF23 and PTH concentrations. If confirmed, niacin may provide a novel strategy to decrease phosphorus, FGF23, and PTH concentrations in patients with chronic kidney disease.

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KW - Cardiovascular disease

KW - Growth factor

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KW - Niacin

KW - Phosphorus

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