Effect of neuraminidase on the adherence to salivary pellicle of streptococcus sanguis and streptococcus mitis

William F. Liljemark, Cynthia G. Bloomquist, Laurie J. Fenner, Patrick J. Antonelli, M. Cecilia Coulter

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

16 Scopus citations

Abstract

Neuraminidase-sensitive adherence to experimental salivary pellicles was studied using eight strains of Streptococcus sanguis and five strains of Streptococcus mitis. Approximately 60% of the strains of each species showed significantly lower adherence to neuraminidase-treated versus untreated saliva-coated hydroxyapatite. In addition, the adherence of several of these streptococcal strains to saliva-coated hydroxyapatite and neuraminidase-treated saliva-coated hydroxyapatite was inhibited using galactose and N-acetyl-D-galactosamine. Results from these studies suggested that several salivary receptors mediate adherence of these species.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)141-145
Number of pages5
JournalCaries research
Volume23
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 1989

Keywords

  • Adherence
  • Bacteria
  • Experimental salivary pellicle
  • Streptococcus

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