Effect of litter aggregation and pooling on detection of porcine reproductive and respiratory virus in piglet processing fluids

Carles Vilalta, Jake Baker, Juan Sanhueza, Deb Murray, Amanda Sponheim, Julio Alvarez, Fred Sylvia, Dale Polson, Montse Torremorell, Cesar A Corzo, Robert B. Morrison

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

A sampling technique has been validated to monitor porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome virus 2 (PRRSV-2) using the serosanguinous exudate known as processing fluids (PFs) that accumulate from tissues obtained during tail docking and castration. PFs are an aggregate sample of large numbers of piglets and litters. However, little is known about the effect of litter aggregation on the ability of PCR to correctly classify an aggregated PF sample as positive. We evaluated both the effect of litter aggregation and of PF pooling on PCR detection. We estimated that aggregation of at least 50 litters was possible when a pig with a Ct value of ~22 was present in the sample, and aggregation of up to 40 litters was possible when there was a sample with a Ct value of ~33. Pooling did not affect PCR detection when initial Ct values of 20 and 25 were assessed. However, in litters with initial Ct values of ≥30, the amount of pooling should be reduced. Our results provide producers and practitioners with a general framework to interpret more accurately the results of their PRRSV-2 surveillance programs using PF.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)625-628
Number of pages4
JournalJournal of Veterinary Diagnostic Investigation
Volume31
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 1 2019

Fingerprint

litters (young animals)
Porcine respiratory and reproductive syndrome virus
piglets
Swine
Viruses
Polymerase Chain Reaction
viruses
swine
Porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome virus
Castration
Exudates and Transudates
Tail
sampling
tail docking
monitoring
castration
fluids

Keywords

  • aggregation
  • monitoring
  • pooling
  • porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome virus
  • processing fluids

PubMed: MeSH publication types

  • Journal Article

Cite this

Effect of litter aggregation and pooling on detection of porcine reproductive and respiratory virus in piglet processing fluids. / Vilalta, Carles; Baker, Jake; Sanhueza, Juan; Murray, Deb; Sponheim, Amanda; Alvarez, Julio; Sylvia, Fred; Polson, Dale; Torremorell, Montse; Corzo, Cesar A; Morrison, Robert B.

In: Journal of Veterinary Diagnostic Investigation, Vol. 31, No. 4, 01.07.2019, p. 625-628.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Vilalta, Carles ; Baker, Jake ; Sanhueza, Juan ; Murray, Deb ; Sponheim, Amanda ; Alvarez, Julio ; Sylvia, Fred ; Polson, Dale ; Torremorell, Montse ; Corzo, Cesar A ; Morrison, Robert B. / Effect of litter aggregation and pooling on detection of porcine reproductive and respiratory virus in piglet processing fluids. In: Journal of Veterinary Diagnostic Investigation. 2019 ; Vol. 31, No. 4. pp. 625-628.
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