Effect of light intensity on algal biomass accumulation and biodiesel production for mixotrophic strains Chlorella kessleri and Chlorella protothecoide cultivated in highly concentrated municipal wastewater

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Abstract

In this research, the effect of light intensity on biomass accumulation, wastewater nutrient removal through algae cultivation, and biodiesel productivity was investigated with algae species Chlorella kessleri and Chlorella protothecoide. The light intensities studied were 0, 15, 30, 60, 120, and 200μmolm-2s-1. The results showed that light intensity had profound impact on tested responses for both strains, and the dependence of these responses on light intensity varied with different algae strains. For C. kessleri, the optimum light intensity was 120μmolm-2S-1 for all responses except for COD removal. For C. protothecoide, the optimum light intensity was 30μmolm-2S-1. The major components of the biodiesel produced from algae biomass were 16-C and 18-C FAME, and the highest biodiesel contents were 24.19% and 19.48% of dried biomass for C. kessleri and C. protothecoide, respectively. Both species were capable of wastewater nutrients removal under all lighting conditions with high removal efficiencies.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2222-2229
Number of pages8
JournalBiotechnology and bioengineering
Volume109
Issue number9
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 1 2012

Keywords

  • Algae
  • Biodiesel production
  • Biomass accumulation
  • Light intensity
  • Municipal wastewater

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