Effect of letter spacing on visual span and reading speed

Deyue Yu, Sing Hang Cheung, Gordon E. Legge, Susana T.L. Chung

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

100 Scopus citations

Abstract

S. T. L. Chung (2002) has shown that rapid serial visual presentation (RSVP) reading speed varies with letter spacing, peaking near the standard letter spacing for text and decreasing for both smaller and larger spacings. In this study, we tested the hypothesis that the dependence of reading speed on letter spacing is mediated by the size of the visual span - the number of letters recognized with high accuracy without moving the eyes. If so, the size of the visual span and reading speed should show a similar dependence on lefter spacing. We tested this prediction for RSVP reading and asked whether it generalizes to the reading of blocks of text requiring eye movements. We measured visual-span profiles and reading speeds as a function of letter spacing. Visual-span profiles, measured with trigrams (strings of three random letters), are plots of letter-recognition accuracy as a function of letter position left or right of fixation. Size of the visual span was quantified by a measure of the area under the visual-span profile. Reading performance was measured using two presentation methods: RSVP and flashcard (a short block of text on four lines). We found that the size of the visual span and the reading speeds measured by the two presentation methods showed a qualitatively similar dependence on letter spacing and that they were highly correlated. These results are consistent with the view that the size of the visual span is a primary visual factor that limits reading speed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number2
Pages (from-to)1-10
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of vision
Volume7
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 1 2007

Keywords

  • Letter spacing
  • Reading speed
  • Visual crowding
  • Visual span

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