Effect of inlet skew on heat/mass transfer from a simulated turbine blade

Kalyanjit Ghosh, R. J. Goldstein

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

2 Scopus citations

Abstract

Heat (mass) transfer experiments are conducted to study the effect of an inlet skew on a simulated gas-turbine blade placed in a linear cascade. The inlet skew simulates the relative motion between rotor and stator endwalls in a single turbine stage. The transverse motion of a belt, placed parallel to and upstream of the turbine cascade, generates the inlet skew. With the freestream velocity constant at approximately 16 m=sec, which results in a Reynolds number (based on the blade chord length of 0:184 m) of 1:8×105, a parametric study was conducted for three beltto- freestream velocity ratios. The distribution of the Sherwood number on the suction surface of the blade shows that the inlet skew intensifies the generation of the horseshoe vortex close to the endwall region. This is associated with the development of a stronger passage vortex for a higher velocity ratio, which causes an earlier transition to turbulence. Corresponding higher mass transfer coefficients are measured between the mid-height of the blade and the endwall, at a mid-chord downstream location. However, a negligible variation in transport properties is measured above the two-dimensional region of the blade at the higher velocity ratios. In contrast, the inlet skew has a negligible effect on the distribution of the Sherwood number on the entire pressure surface of the blade. This is mainly because the skew is directed along the passage vortex, which is from the pressure surface of the airfoil to the suction surface of the adjacent airfoil.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationASME 2011 Turbo Expo
Subtitle of host publicationTurbine Technical Conference and Exposition, GT2011
Pages1677-1687
Number of pages11
EditionPARTS A AND B
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1 2011
EventASME 2011 Turbo Expo: Turbine Technical Conference and Exposition, GT2011 - Vancouver, BC, Canada
Duration: Jun 6 2011Jun 10 2011

Publication series

NameProceedings of the ASME Turbo Expo
NumberPARTS A AND B
Volume5

Other

OtherASME 2011 Turbo Expo: Turbine Technical Conference and Exposition, GT2011
CountryCanada
CityVancouver, BC
Period6/6/116/10/11

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