Effect of Immersion Time of Chicken Breast in Potato Starch Coating Containing Lysine on PhIP Levels

Parastou Farshi, Jayendra Amamcharla, Kelly Getty, J. Scott Smith

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


This study investigated the effect of immersion time of chicken breasts in potato starch (PS) coating containing amino acids (AAs) on the formation of 2-amino-1-methyl-6-phenylimidazo [4,5-b] pyridine (PhIP) and to evaluate a possible mechanism to inhibit the formation of PhIP in chicken breasts during frying. The chicken breasts with standardized dimensions were dipped in the potato starch (PS) coating solution containing 0.25% w/v lysine (Lys) for different times (15 min, 30 min, 1 h, 3 h, and 6 h). After drying the coating on the chickens, samples were fried at 195 °C for 7.5 min on each side. Results showed that the immersion time does not significantly decrease (p < 0.05) the PhIP level, suggesting that 15 min immersion time is enough for PhIP reduction compared to the control chicken samples (without coating). Phenylacetaldehyde (PheAce) was increased in chicken breast coated with PS-0.25% Lys after frying, suggesting that there should be another pathway to prevent the formation of PhIP by the addition of PS-0.25% Lys. Volatile compound analysis also confirmed this and showed increases in many aroma compounds in the coated chicken. Moreover, no significant differences (p < 0.05) were shown between the cooking loss percentage, color parameters, texture profile, and tenderness of chicken with the PS-0.25% coating and chicken without coating.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number222
Issue number2
StatePublished - Jan 2024
Externally publishedYes

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2024 by the authors.


  • PhIP
  • chicken
  • coating
  • lysine
  • starch

PubMed: MeSH publication types

  • Journal Article


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