Effect of Holstein genotype on innate immune and metabolic responses of heifers to lipopolysaccharide (LPS) administration

G. Cousillas-Boam, Wanda J Weber, A. Benjamin, S. Kahl, Bradley J Heins, T. H. Elsasser, D. E. Kerr, Brian A Crooker

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Heifers (n = 4/genotype) from unselected (stable genotype since 1964, UH) and contemporary (CH) Holsteins that differed in milk yield (6,200 and 11,100 kg milk/305 d) were used to assess the impact of selection on innate immune and acute-phase response to an endotoxin (lipopolysaccharide; LPS). Jugular catheters were implanted 24 h before LPS administration. Blood samples were collected at −1, −0.5, 0, 1, 2, 3, 4, 6, 8, and 24 h relative to iv administration of 0.5 μg LPS/kg BW. Rectal body temperature (BT) was determined at these sampling times and at 5 and 7 h. Dermal biopsies were collected after the 24 h blood sample and processed to isolate fibroblasts. Plasma was analyzed for tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-α), interleukin-6 (IL-6), serum amyloid A (SAA), xanthine oxidase (XO), and nitrate + nitrite (NOx), cortisol, glucose, and IGF-1 content. Isolated fibroblasts were exposed to IL-1β or LPS and IL-6 and IL-8 content of culture media determined. Exposure to LPS increased BTs and plasma concentrations of TNF-α, IL-6 SAA, XO, cortisol, and glucose (P < 0.05) in both genotypes. Plasma concentrations of TNF-α, XO, NOx, and glucose did not differ (P > 0.25) between the genotypes, but IL-6 and SAA concentrations were reduced (P < 0.05) in CH relative to UH heifers while cortisol and IGF-1 concentrations tended (P < 0.08) to be reduced in CH heifers. After 36 h exposure to LPS, concentrations of IL-6 were greater (P < 0.05) in culture media from incubations of CH than UH fibroblasts but concentrations of IL-8 did not differ between genotypes. There was a trend (P = 0.08) for IL-8 concentrations to be reduced in media from CH fibroblasts exposed to IL-1β for 24 h but IL-6 concentrations did not differ between genotypes. Results indicate 50 yr of selection has reduced the robustness of the innate immune and acute-phase response to LPS in the contemporary Holstein heifer.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number106374
JournalDomestic Animal Endocrinology
Volume70
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2020

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Innate Immunity
lipopolysaccharides
Lipopolysaccharides
heifers
Holstein
Genotype
interleukin-6
Interleukin-6
genotype
Serum Amyloid A Protein
fibroblasts
interleukin-8
amyloid
Fibroblasts
blood serum
Interleukin-8
cortisol
Hydrocortisone
Acute-Phase Reaction
xanthine oxidase

Keywords

  • Acute-phase response
  • Holstein
  • Lipopolysaccharide
  • Milk genotype

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Effect of Holstein genotype on innate immune and metabolic responses of heifers to lipopolysaccharide (LPS) administration. / Cousillas-Boam, G.; Weber, Wanda J; Benjamin, A.; Kahl, S.; Heins, Bradley J; Elsasser, T. H.; Kerr, D. E.; Crooker, Brian A.

In: Domestic Animal Endocrinology, Vol. 70, 106374, 01.01.2020.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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AU - Cousillas-Boam, G.

AU - Weber, Wanda J

AU - Benjamin, A.

AU - Kahl, S.

AU - Heins, Bradley J

AU - Elsasser, T. H.

AU - Kerr, D. E.

AU - Crooker, Brian A

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N2 - Heifers (n = 4/genotype) from unselected (stable genotype since 1964, UH) and contemporary (CH) Holsteins that differed in milk yield (6,200 and 11,100 kg milk/305 d) were used to assess the impact of selection on innate immune and acute-phase response to an endotoxin (lipopolysaccharide; LPS). Jugular catheters were implanted 24 h before LPS administration. Blood samples were collected at −1, −0.5, 0, 1, 2, 3, 4, 6, 8, and 24 h relative to iv administration of 0.5 μg LPS/kg BW. Rectal body temperature (BT) was determined at these sampling times and at 5 and 7 h. Dermal biopsies were collected after the 24 h blood sample and processed to isolate fibroblasts. Plasma was analyzed for tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-α), interleukin-6 (IL-6), serum amyloid A (SAA), xanthine oxidase (XO), and nitrate + nitrite (NOx), cortisol, glucose, and IGF-1 content. Isolated fibroblasts were exposed to IL-1β or LPS and IL-6 and IL-8 content of culture media determined. Exposure to LPS increased BTs and plasma concentrations of TNF-α, IL-6 SAA, XO, cortisol, and glucose (P < 0.05) in both genotypes. Plasma concentrations of TNF-α, XO, NOx, and glucose did not differ (P > 0.25) between the genotypes, but IL-6 and SAA concentrations were reduced (P < 0.05) in CH relative to UH heifers while cortisol and IGF-1 concentrations tended (P < 0.08) to be reduced in CH heifers. After 36 h exposure to LPS, concentrations of IL-6 were greater (P < 0.05) in culture media from incubations of CH than UH fibroblasts but concentrations of IL-8 did not differ between genotypes. There was a trend (P = 0.08) for IL-8 concentrations to be reduced in media from CH fibroblasts exposed to IL-1β for 24 h but IL-6 concentrations did not differ between genotypes. Results indicate 50 yr of selection has reduced the robustness of the innate immune and acute-phase response to LPS in the contemporary Holstein heifer.

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