The surface composition of silicon films deposited from SiH 4 , Ar, and H 2 plasmas was studied using in situ attenuated total reflection Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy with emphasis on the effects of H 2 dilution. In the absence of H 2 , the surface is primarily covered with SiH 3 and SiH 2 . With heavy H 2 dilution, the surface is predominantly monohydride terminated with infrared absorption frequencies consistent with the presence of SiH on Si (100) and Si (111) surfaces.
- Amorphous silicon
- Attenuated total reflection Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy
- Nanocrystalline silicon
- Plasma deposition