1. Furazolidone or nitrofurazone were given orally to laying turkeys at doses of 7.5, 15 or 30 mg/kg for 7 d. Plasma concentrations of luteinising hormone (LH), prolactin (PRL) and egg production were measured before, during and after treatment. 2. Both drugs produced dose-dependent decreases in LH concentration which were statistically significant at doses of 15 and 30 mg/kg. Plasma PRL concentration was significantly increased in birds receiving 15 or 30 mg/kg of nitrofurazone, and tended to increase in the other treated groups, but this was not statistically significant. 3. Egg production was lowered in a dose-dependent manner by both drugs. However, nitrofurazone appeared to be more potent in reducing egg production than furazolidone. 4. Birds given 15 mg/kg of either drug were injected intramuscularly with luteinising hormone releasing hormone (LHRH) at a dose of 5 Hg/kg and blood was collected immediately before and 30 min after LHRH administration. 5. Nitrofurazone significantly reduced the rise in LH induced by LHRH. Seven days after withdrawing the drug, the LHRH-induced LH release was not significantly different when compared to that in the control group or that seen on day 7 of treatment.