Effect of embryonic photostimulation on the posthatch growth of Turkey poults

I. Rozenboim, R. Huisinga, O. Halevy, M. E. El Halawani

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

39 Scopus citations

Abstract

Artificial illumination, including light quality, is important in modern meat-type poultry management. In the present study, the effect of in ovo monochromatic green light photostimulation on posthatch growth of turkey poults was investigated. In experiment 1, 182 turkey eggs were divided into two light treatment groups (n = 91). The first group was intermittently photostimulated (3 min on and 3 min off) with green light provided by five light-emitting diodes (LED) per egg at 0.1 W/m2 at the upper eggshell surface. The second group was incubated in the dark and served as the control. Posthatch BW were recorded at 0, 2, 6, 13, 20, 28, 35, and 59 d of age. A heavier BW, occurring at 28 d of age and persisting until the end of the experiment (59 d of age), was observed in the in ovo green light stimulated females as compared to their corresponding controls. In experiment 2, 273 turkey eggs were divided into three light treatment groups (n = 91). The first group was intermittently photostimulated (15 min on and 15 min off) with green light provided by seven LED per egg at 0.14 W/ m2. The second group was photostimulated with white light provided by one mini-incandescent lamp per egg at light intensity and schedule similar to the first group. Eggs of the third group were incubated in the dark and served as controls. Posthatch BW were recorded at 0, 7, 14, 28, 42, 56, and 79 d of age. No differences were found among the BW of males incubated under different light conditions. As in experiment 1, female turkeys with stimulated green light in ovo had greater BW compared to their corresponding control and white light groups from 28 d of age until termination of the experiment at 79 d of age. Breast muscle weight was greater in female turkeys incubated under green light when compared to white and dark incubation treatment groups. We suggest that in ovo green light photostimulation enhances the posthatch BW of female turkey poults.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1181-1187
Number of pages7
JournalPoultry science
Volume82
Issue number7
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 2003

Keywords

  • Incubation
  • Monochromatic light
  • Muscle growth
  • Photostimulation
  • Turkey embryo

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