Effect of diet and population density on male turkeys under various environmental conditions. 2. Body composition and meat yield.

J. C. Halvorson, P. E. Waibel, E. M. Oju, Sally Noll, M E Elhalawani

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

17 Scopus citations

Abstract

Large White Nicholas male turkeys were reared at two stocking densities (.21 or .46 m2 per bird) and fed one of four diets: 1) control corn and soybean (mash) with 1% fat (CSM); 2) as Diet 1, pelleted (CSP); 3) as Diet 1 with supplemental fat increasing from 1 through 8% with age (CSF); and 4) as Diet 1 with barley at 0, 20, 35, 50, and 65% during successive 4-wk periods (CSB). The turkeys were reared in four environments: (A) intermittent light schedule [4(2 h light (L):4 h dark D))] with temperature at 7 or 21 C during light and dark photoperiod, respectively; (B) and (D) with intermittent light (2L:4D) with a constant 21 and 7 C temperatures, respectively; (C) continuous light cycle (18L:6D) with temperatures as in Environment A. At 20 wk of age, two turkeys per replicate pen, were killed for determination of body composition and meat yield. Compared with turkeys fed CSM diet, those on CSF and CSP diet had increased percentage carcass fat. Meat yield per bird and percentage carcass fat were greater for turkeys reared at .46 m2 per bird compared with rearing at .21 m2 per bird. Pelleting and fat supplementation resulted in significantly increased amounts of breast meat and leg compared with CSM. Breast meat yield (percentage) and amount were greater at 7 C (Environment D) than at 21 C (Environment B) and the cycling regimen (Environment A). Percentage abdominal fat was greatest at 7 C. Interactions of environment and diet were detected for breast meat yield percentage (P less than .023) and weight (P less than .036). Diet type had no effect on percentage breast meat or weight in Environment C. An increased amount of breast meat was obtained by feeding CSP in Environments A, B, and D, and dietary fat supplementation increased breast meat yield in Environments A and D over CSM treatment.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)935-940
Number of pages6
JournalPoultry science
Volume70
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 1991

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