Effect of desliming on the magnetic separation of low-grade ferruginous manganese ore

Sunil Kumar Tripathy, P. K. Banerjee, Nikkam Suresh

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51 Scopus citations


In the present investigation, magnetic separation studies using an induced roll magnetic separator were conducted to beneficiate low-grade ferruginous manganese ore. The feed ore was assayed to contain 22.4% Mn and 35.9% SiO2, with a manganese-to-iron mass ratio (Mn:Fe ratio) of 1.6. This ore was characterized in detail using different techniques, including quantitative evaluation of minerals by scanning electron microscopy, which revealed that the ore is extremely siliceous in nature and that the associated gangue minerals are more or less evenly distributed in almost all of the size fractions in major proportion. Magnetic separation studies were conducted on both the as-received ore fines and the classified fines to enrich their manganese content and Mn:Fe ratio. The results indicated that the efficiency of separation for deslimed fines was better than that for the treated unclassified bulk sample. On the basis of these results, we proposed a process flow sheet for the beneficiation of low-grade manganese ore fines using a Floatex density separator as a pre-concentrator followed by two-stage magnetic separation. The overall recovery of manganese in the final product from the proposed flow sheet is 44.7% with an assay value of 45.8% and the Mn:Fe ratio of 3.1.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)661-673
Number of pages13
JournalInternational Journal of Minerals, Metallurgy and Materials
Issue number7
StatePublished - Jul 22 2015
Externally publishedYes

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2015, University of Science and Technology Beijing and Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg.


  • beneficiation
  • flow sheet analysis
  • magnetic separation
  • manganese ore treatment
  • mineralogy


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