Effect of cyclooxygenase blockade on blood flow through well-developed coronary collateral vessels

John Altman, Daniel Dulas, Robert J. Bache

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

23 Scopus citations

Abstract

Collateral vessels that develop after coronary artery occlusion demonstrate perivascular inflammation, subintimal hyperplasia, and endothelial proliferation. This study was performed to test the hypothesis that these abnormalities are associated with evidence for increased production of vasodilator prostaglandins. Eight dogs were studied 4-6 months after occlusion of the anterior descending coronary artery had been performed to stimulate collateral vessel growth. At the time of study, the anterior descending coronary artery was cannulated at the site of occlusion to allow measurement of retrograde blood flow as an index of interarterial collateral flow. Injection of radioactive microspheres during the retrograde flow collection allowed determination of continuing tissue flow in the collateral- dependent zone as an index of intramural microvascular collateral flow. Retrograde and tissue flows were measured before and 20 minutes after 5 mg/kg i.v. indomethacin, a dose that caused 95±3% inhibition of the coronary vasodilation in response to a 500 μg intracoronary bolus of arachidonic acid. Heart rate and mean aortic pressure were not significantly altered by indomethacin, and blood flow to the normally perfused myocardial region was not changed by administration of indomethacin. However, indomethacin caused a 40±7% decrease in retrograde flow (p<0.01), and microvascular collateral flow to the dependent myocardium decreased by 20±10% (p<0.05). These data indicate that, unlike the normal coronary circulation, well-developed coronary collateral vessels are under the tonic influence of vasodilator prostaglandins.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1091-1098
Number of pages8
JournalCirculation research
Volume70
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - 1992

Keywords

  • coronary occlusion
  • coronary vessels
  • indomethacin
  • myocardial blood flow
  • prostaglandins

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