Effect of children’s weight status on physical activity and sedentary behavior during physical education, recess, and after school

Zachary C. Pope, Charles Huang, David Stodden, Daniel J. McDonough, Zan Gao

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

7 Scopus citations

Abstract

Children’s body mass index may affect physical activity (PA) participation. Therefore, this study examined the effect of children’s weight status on underserved elementary school children’s PA and sedentary behavior (SB) throughout the segmented day. Participants were 138 children (Xage = 8.14 years). Children’s height and weight were measured with subsequent classification of children as healthy weight or overweight/obese. Durations of moderate-to-vigorous PA (MVPA), light PA (LPA), and SB during physical education (PE), morning recess, lunch recess, after school, and overall were assessed via accelerometry over three days. Independent t-tests evaluated differences in children’s MVPA, LPA, and SB during each daily segment by weight status. Significantly higher MVPA was observed for children of healthy weight status versus children with overweight/obesity during morning recess, t(136) = 2.15, p = 0.03, after school, t(136) = 2.68, p < 0.01, and overall, t(136) = 2.65, p < 0.01. Interestingly, comparisons of children of healthy weight status and children with overweight/obesity’s LPA and SB during the after-school segment revealed a trend wherein children with overweight/obesity participated in slightly greater LPA/less SB than children of healthy weight status. Higher MVPA was observed among children of healthy weight versus children with overweight/obesity during most daily segments. Concerted efforts should focus on increasing MVPA among children with overweight/obesity.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number2651
Pages (from-to)1-10
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Clinical Medicine
Volume9
Issue number8
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 2020

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2020 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland. T.

Keywords

  • Accelerometry
  • Body mass index
  • Obesity
  • Overweight
  • Pediatrics
  • Physical activity
  • Physical education
  • Sedentary behavior
  • Segmented day

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