Effect of chamfer design on load capacity of reattached incisors

Lu Zhang, Ning Ye, Wondwosen A. Aregawi, Alex Fok

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to evaluate the effect of different chamfer preparations on the load capacity of reattached fractured incisors under lingual loading.

METHODS: Eighty #8 typodonts were randomly assigned to four groups (n = 20 each). They were sectioned to simulate crown fracture, and reattached with a self-etch adhesive and a resin composite. The preparation for each group was: (1) no chamfer; (2) buccal chamfer; (3) lingual chamfer; and (4) circumferential chamfer. Forty-eight human lower incisors were grouped and prepared similarly (n = 12 each). These teeth were tested for their load capacity under a lingual load on a universal testing machine. Finite element models were used to examine the stresses on the reattached surfaces to help interpret the experimental results.

RESULTS: The buccal chamfer did not increase the load capacity when compared with the no-chamfer group. Lingual and circumferential chamfers respectively increased the fracture load by 36.9% and 32.3% in typodonts, and 78.5% and 33.3% in human incisors. The increase was statistically significant (p < 0.05). A higher fracture load tended to be accompanied by a larger area of deflected cohesive fracture. Finite element analysis showed that lingual and circumferential chamfers reduced the fracture-causing tensile stress at the lingual margin of the reattachment interface by approximately 70% and 60%, respectively, in human upper incisors.

SIGNIFICANCE: It was the joint design, and not the size of the bond area, that affected the load capacity of reattached incisors. Among the preparations considered, only those with a lingual chamfer could increase the load capacity of reattached incisors under a lingual load.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1168-1175
Number of pages8
JournalDental Materials
Issue number7
StatePublished - Jul 2021

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
The authors thank Dr Ronald Zapata for providing the human teeth and for his useful advice on the project. 3M generously provided the adhesive and resin composite. The China Scholarship Council funded Lu Zhang’s visit to the MDRCBB where this study was conducted through Scholarship no. 201906275028 .

Publisher Copyright:
© 2021 The Academy of Dental Materials


  • Bevel
  • Bond area
  • Chamfer
  • Fragment
  • Incisor fracture
  • Load capacity
  • Reattachment
  • Resistance
  • Retention
  • Composite Resins
  • Humans
  • Tooth Fractures
  • Incisor
  • Random Allocation
  • Dental Restoration, Permanent
  • Dental Stress Analysis
  • Dental Bonding
  • In Vitro Techniques

PubMed: MeSH publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Journal Article


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