We evaluated the effect of high-fiber cereals on short-term food intake. At 0730, 14 subjects ingested one of five cereals, plus milk and orange juice. At 1100 they were presented with a buffet lunch. There was a significant inverse correlation between fiber content of the cereals and energy intake at lunch. In a second study subjects ingested a very-high-fiber (VFH) cereal or a very-low-fiber (VLF) cereal. Fewer kcalories were ingested at luch after ingestion of the VHF cereal than after ingestion of the VLF cereal. The degree of colonic microbial fermentation of the various cereals was evaluated by breath-hydrogen analysis. The higher-fiber cereals resulted in greater hydrogen production; however, this may not influence energy intake. The results of questionnaires that asked about hunger indicated that food intake can be reduced without the perception of feeling less hungry. Thus, we found that cereals containing relatively large quantities of dietary fiber may decrease short-term food intake.