Effect of bombesin and gastrin-releasing peptide on canine sphincter of Oddi

C. E. Sievert, T. J. Potter, Allen S Levine, J. E. Morley, S. E. Silvis, J. A. Vennes

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Abstract

This study reports the effects of bombesin and gastrin-releasing peptide (GRP) on the canine sphincter of Oddi using a method that allows repeated cannulation of the biliary sphincter in the unanesthetized animal through a Thomas cannula placed opposite the biliary papilla. Immediately after intravenous administration of bombesin or GRP, phasic sphincter contractions disappeared, basal sphincter pressures fell, and common bile duct pressures rose. Because bombesin releases cholecystokinin (CCK) and CCK resulted in a similar pattern to that of bombesin, the bombesin effect on the sphincter of Oddi may have been secondary to CCK's effect on the sphincter. To test if the bombesin effect on the sphincter of Oddi was due to the release of CCK, we blocked CCK release by administration of somatostatin, having first established that somatostatin blocked endogenous CCK release in our animal model by use of an intraduodenal infusion of lipid. Exogenous administration of bombesin failed to alter sphincter of Oddi or common bile duct pressures in dogs treated with somatostatin. Somatostatin did not, however, block CCK's effect on gallbladder contraction, since exogenous administration of CCK after somatostatin injection resulted in the pressure changes in the biliary tree typical of CCK-induced gallbladder contraction. Thus bombesin administration appears to result in sphincter relaxation and gallbladder contraction by the release of endogenous CCK rather than by a direct effect. The increase in common bile duct pressures was due to gallbladder contraction, since this rise in pressure was abolished by cholecystectomy. The peptide effect on sphincter contraction and basal sphincter pressure were unaffected by cholecystectomy.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalAmerican Journal of Physiology - Endocrinology and Metabolism
Volume254
Issue number3
StatePublished - Jan 1 1988

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