Effect of Arene Substituents and Temperature on the Arene Replacement Reactions of [(η5-C5H5)Fe(η6-arene)]+ and [(η5-C5H5)Ru(η6-arene)]+

Amy M. McNair, Janet L. Schrenk, Kent R Mann

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Abstract

The photochemical removal of the arene from [(rj5-C5H5)M(N;6-arene)]+ has been studied for complexes of Fe(II) and Ru(II): (Fe, arene = p-dichlorobenzene, benzene, toluene, toluene-8, p-xylene, mesitylene, durene, pentamethylbenzene, hexamethylbenzene, hexaethylbenzene, and tri-Zm-butylbenzene; Ru, p-dichlorobenzene, benzene, toluene, mesitylene, pentamethylbenzene, hexamethylbenzene, and tri-ZerZ-butylbenzene). The photoactive state in these complexes has been identified as the distorted a3E, ligand field excited state. A linear correlation exists between log (0/(1-0)) and, the Hammett parameter for chloro-and methylarene substituted complexes (up to five substituents for Fe and six substituents for Ru). The Hammett p parameter is +1.03 and +0.53 for for the Fe complexes in CH2CI2 and CH3CN solution, respectively; for the Ru complexes in CH3CN solution p = +1.38. These data indicate a small amount of negative charge builds up at the arene in the transition state for the arene release reaction in these systems. Deviations from the linear correlation of log (0/(1-0)) with were found for the sterically hindered [(jj5-C5H5)Fe(j6-hexamethylbenzene)]+, [(t75-C5H5)-Fe(p6-hexaethylbenzene)], and [(p5-C5H5)Fe(7)6-l, 3,5-tri-ZerZ-butylbenzene)]+ complexes. These deviations result from the steric interactions which hinder the participation of anions and solvent molecules in the transition state. The temperature dependence of photochemical arene release from [(rj5-C5H5)M(7)6-arene)]X (M = Fe, arene = p-xylene, hexamethylbenzene, X-1 = BF4-1, solvent = CH2CI2, CH3CN; M = Ru, arene = benzene, X' = PF6, solvent = CH3CN) has been investigated. Plots of log (0/(1-0)) vs. 1/T are linear in all cases. From the slopes of these lines the difference in the apparent activation energies (Eap-Ea nr) between the product-forming step and the nonradiative decay of the a3E, excited state are 1.0-3.6 kcal/mol. These studies indicate that the M-arene bond is nearly broken in the a3Et excited state. Medium effects on the most sterically hindered Fe complexes investigated ([(7i5-C5H5)Fe(7;6-hexamethylbenzene)]+ and [(7j5-C5H5)Fe(?)6-hexaethylbenzene)]“1”) show that a limiting value of about 0.0007 occurs for the quantum yield of arene release for [(tj5-C5H5)Fe(r;6-hexaethylbenzene)]+ in CH2CI2 solutions with AsF6- present. This quantum yield represents an upper limit of the dissociative arene release for the [(7j5-C5H5)Fe(?76-arene)]+ systems.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2633-2640
Number of pages8
JournalInorganic chemistry
Volume23
Issue number17
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 1984

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