Effect of ammonia on the quantitative clearance of Escherichia coli from lungs, air sacs, and livers of turkeys aerosol vaccinated against Escherichia coli.

K. V. Nagaraja, D. A. Emery, K. A. Jordan, V. Sivanandan, J. A. Newman, B. S. Pomeroy

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Turkeys were given an aerosol vaccine to determine their ability to clear a virulent inhaled pathogenic strain of Escherichia coli, while they were being maintained in the presence of atmospheric NH3. Turkeys were exposed to 2 concentrations of NH3 (10 and 40 microliters/L of air). More E coli was found in lungs, air sacs, and livers of turkeys exposed to NH3. Turkeys not exposed to NH3 had better clearance of E coli. Vaccination against E coli improved the rate of clearance of E coli in birds not exposed to NH3.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)392-395
Number of pages4
JournalAmerican journal of veterinary research
Issue number2
StatePublished - Feb 1 1984


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