Effect of acid etching and collagen removal on dentin wettability and roughness

Manuel Toledano, Raquel Osorio, Jorge Perdigao, Juan I. Rosales, Jeffrey Y. Thompson, Miguel A. Cabrerizo-Vilchez

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

87 Scopus citations


It was recently reported that removal of the collagen network from etched dentin does not affect dentin bond strengths. The aim of this study was to determine if the removal of the collagen fibers results in changes in dentin roughness and wettability. Twenty cary-free extracted human third molars were sectioned parallel to the occlusal surface to expose either superficial or deep dentin. Dentin was ground flat through 600-grit SiC abrasive paper under water to provide uniform surfaces. Observed contact angle measurements were performed to assess wettability by using the axisymmetric drop shape analysis technique using water and a water-based primer. Average roughness was determined with a profilometer. The specimens were analyzed just after being ground, after etching with 35% H3PO4 gel for 15 s, and after etching and deproteinization with 5% NaOC1 for 2 min. Data were analyzed with two-way ANOVA and Newman-Keuls multiple comparison t test procedure. Etching resulted in an increase in surface roughness and dentin wettability. For deep dentin, collagen removal did not influence the average roughness, but it resulted in a significantly greater degree of wettability. The degree of wettability for deep dentin was greater than for superficial dentin.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)198-203
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Biomedical Materials Research
Issue number2
StatePublished - 1999


  • Acid etching
  • Collagen removal
  • Dentin
  • Roughness
  • Wettability


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