Positive parent-child attachment can be determined by opportunities for the child to interact with his/her parent and can influence a child's physical activity (PA) behavior. Therefore, an intervention that provides children and their parent more time to interact positively could impact children's PA. We examined the efficacy of a 12-week mother-daughter intervention on African-American girls’ PA levels. In Spring of 2013 and 2014, mother-daughter dyads (n = 76) from Springfield, MA, were randomly assigned to one of three groups [child-mother (CH-M, n = 28), child alone (CH, n = 25), or control (CON, n = 23)] that participated in an afterschool culturally-tailored dance intervention (60 min/day, 3 days/week, 12 weeks). Girls in the CH-M group participated in the intervention with their maternal figure, while girls in the CH group participated in the intervention alone. CON group participants received weekly health-related newsletters. PA was assessed with accelerometers for seven days at baseline, 6-weeks, and 12-weeks. Hierarchical linear modeling was used to examine rates of change in PA. During the afterschool intervention time, girls in the CH-M group displayed a significantly steeper rate of increase in their percent time spent in vigorous PA compared to both the CON (γ = 0.80, p < 0.001) and the CH group (χ2 (1)=13.01, p < 0.001). Mothers in the CH-M group displayed a significantly steeper rate of increase in their percent time spent in total daily moderate-to-vigorous PA compared to CH group's mothers (γ = 0.07, p = 0.01). This culturally-tailored mother-daughter afterschool intervention influenced African-American girls’ afterschool hour PA levels, but not total daily PA. Trial Registration: Study is registered at www.clinicaltrials.gov NCT01588379.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
The findings and conclusion of this article are that of the authors and does not reflect the official policy of the NIH. This study was funded by National Institutes of Health , National Institutes of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases ( K01 DK087812-01A1 ).
Alhassan was supported by an NIH K award. Authors have no conflict of interest to report. The study sponsor did not have any role in the study design; collection, analysis, and interpretation of the data; writing the manuscript, or the decision to submit the paper for publication.
- After-school program
- Physical activity