Effect of 9p21 genetic variation on coronary heart disease is not modified by other risk markers. The Atherosclerosis Risk in Communities (ARIC) Study

Aaron R. Folsom, Vijay Nambi, James S. Pankow, Weihong Tang, Kian Farbakhsh, Kazumasa Yamagishi, Eric Boerwinkle

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

7 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objective: To determine whether the 9p21 SNP association with coronary heart disease is modified by other classical or novel risk markers. Methods: The 9p21 SNP (rs10757274) and multiple risk markers were measured in the Atherosclerosis Risk in Communities Study, and incident coronary disease events were ascertained. Effect modification (interaction) of the 9p21 SNP with risk markers was tested in Cox proportional hazard regression models. Results: The incidence rates of coronary heart disease per 1000 person-years were 14.4, 17.0, and 18.7 for AA, AG, and GG genotypes, yielding hazard ratios of 1.0, 1.20 (95% CI = 1.07-1.36), and 1.34 (95% CI = 1.16-1.53). There was no meaningful evidence of an interaction (all p-interaction > 0.04) between 9p21 SNP and any of 14 other risk markers for coronary heart disease. These included novel markers not previously explored for 9p21 interaction (e.g., cardiac troponin T and N-terminal pro-brain natriuretic peptide). Conclusion: Our study extends evidence that the 9p21 SNP association with coronary heart disease is not modified by classical or novel risk markers. Our findings therefore rule out additional plausible pathways by which 9p21 might have increased coronary heart disease risk.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)435-439
Number of pages5
JournalAtherosclerosis
Volume224
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 2012

Keywords

  • 9p21 SNP
  • Coronary disease
  • Prospective study

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