Educational outcomes necessary to enter pharmacy residency training

Elizabeth Kelly Hester, Sarah E. McBane, Michael B. Bottorff, Tristan A. Carnes, Kamila Dell, Michael J. Gonyeau, Angelo J. Greco, Karen J. McConnell, Debra J. Skaar, Michele Y. Splinter, Toby C. Trujillo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

7 Scopus citations


It is the position of the American College of Clinical Pharmacy (ACCP) that formal postgraduate residency training, or equivalent experience, is required to enter direct patient care practice. Therefore, it is important to align professional degree educational outcomes with the knowledge, skills, and attitudes needed to enter residency training. This position statement addresses the outcomes necessary in the professional degree program curriculum to ensure the ability of pharmacy graduates to transition effectively into postgraduate year one residency training. Five key outcome areas are identified: communication, direct patient care, professionalism, research, and practice management. The position statement examines how performance in each of the five outcome areas should be addressed by professional degree programs. The ACCP believes that for the student to achieve the clinical proficiency necessary to enter residency training, the professional degree program should emphasize, assess, and provide adequate opportunities for students to practice: communication with patients, caregivers, and members of the health care team in direct patient care environments; provision of direct patient care in a wide variety of practice settings, especially those involving patient-centered, team-based care; professionalism under the supervision and guidance of faculty and preceptors who model and teach the traits of a health care professional; application of principles of research that engender an appreciation for the role of research and scholarship in one's professional development; and application of practice management, including documentation of direct patient care activities that affect drug-related outcomes.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)e22-e25
Issue number4
StatePublished - Apr 2014


  • educational standards
  • experiential education
  • pharmacy curricula
  • pharmacy residency


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