Education production functions: Updated evidence from developing countries

Paul Glewwe, Sylvie Lambert, Qihui Chen

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

2 Scopus citations


This chapter assesses what economists and other social scientists have learned regarding the effectiveness of various education policies that have been implemented to increase enrollment and promote learning in developing countries. The education production function, which economists often use to portray the education process, is first introduced, along with several other relationships of interest. Estimation issues are also discussed. The chapter then reviews recent research on school enrollment and learning in developing countries; several policies have been shown to raise enrollment, but less is known about how to increase learning. The final section provides recommendations for further research.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationThe Economics of Education
Subtitle of host publicationA Comprehensive Overview
Number of pages33
ISBN (Electronic)9780081026458
ISBN (Print)9780128153918
StatePublished - Jan 20 2020

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2020 Elsevier Ltd All rights reserved.


  • Cognitive and non-cognitive skills
  • Developing countries
  • Education production function
  • Estimation bias
  • Learning
  • Policy evaluation
  • School enrollment


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