The effectiveness in moisture retention and reduction of fat uptake of different edible coatings on a fat-free starchy product was determined. Mashed potato balls of 47 mm diameter were used as model food system. Samples were coated with corn zein (CZ), hydroxypropyl methyl cellulose (HPMC) or methyl cellulose (MC) film-forming solutions. Uncoated samples were used as control. Compared to the control, a reduction of 14.9%, 21.9% and 31.1% in moisture loss from the product was observed for samples coated with CZ, HPMC and MC films, respectively. Similarly, a reduction of 59.0%, 61.4% and 83.6% in fat uptake by the product was observed for samples coated with CZ, HPMC and MC films, respectively. Based on the overall performance in reducing moisture loss and fat uptake, MC exhibited the most significant barrier properties.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
We would like to thank the countless individuals who have contributed to the Global Burden of Disease Study 2015 in various capacities. The data reported here have been supplied by the US Renal Data System (USRDS). Data for this research was provided by MEASURE Evaluation, funded by the United States Agency for International Development (USAID). Collection of these data was made possible by the US Agency for International Development (USAID) under the terms of cooperative agreement GPO-A-00-08-000_D3-00. Views expressed do not necessarily reflect those of USAID, the US Government, or MEASURE Evaluation. Parts of this material are based on data and information provided by the Canadian institute for Health Information. However, the analyses, conclusions, opinions and statements expressed herein are those of the author and not those of the Canadian Institute for Health information. The Palestinian Central Bureau of Statistics granted the researchers access to relevant data in accordance with license no SLN2014-3-170, after subjecting data to processing aiming to preserve the confidentiality of individual data in accordance with the General Statistics Law, 2000. The researchers are solely responsible for the conclusions and inferences drawn upon available data. This paper uses data from SHARE Waves 1, 2, 3 (SHARELIFE), 4 and 5 (DOIs: 10.6103/SHARE.w1.500, 10.6103/SHARE.w2.500, 10.6103/SHARE.w3.500, 10.6103/SHARE.w4.500, 10.6103/SHARE.w5.500), see Börsch-Supan and colleagues, 2013, for methodological details. The SHARE data collection has been primarily funded by the European Commission through FP5 (QLK6-CT-2001-00360), FP6 (SHARE-I3: RII-CT-2006-062193, COMPARE: CIT5-CT-2005-028857, SHARELIFE: CIT4-CT-2006-028812) and FP7 (SHARE-PREP: number 211909, SHARE-LEAP: number 227822, SHARE M4: number 261982). Additional funding from the German Ministry of Education and Research, the US National Institute on Aging (U01_AG09740-13S2, P01_AG005842, P01_AG08291, P30_AG12815, R21_AG025169, Y1-AG-4553-01, IAG_BSR06-11, and OGHA_04-064) and from various national funding sources is gratefully acknowledged. This study has been realised using the data collected by the Swiss Household Panel (SHP), which is based at the Swiss Centre of Expertise in the Social Sciences FORS. The project is financed by the Swiss National Science Foundation. The following individuals would like to acknowledge various forms of institutional support: Simon I Hay is funded by a Senior Research Fellowship from the Wellcome Trust (#095066), and grants from the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation (OPP1119467, OPP1093011, OPP1106023 and OPP1132415). Amanda G Thrift is supported by a fellowship from the National Health and Medical Research Council (GNT1042600). Panniyammakal Jeemon is supported by the Wellcome Trust-DBT India Alliance, Clinical and Public Health, Intermediate Fellowship (2015–2020). Boris Bikbov, Norberto Percio, and Giuseppe Remuzzi acknowledge that work related to this paper has been done on the behalf of the GBD Genitourinary Disease Expert Group supported by the International Society of Nephrology (ISN). Amador Goodridge acknowledges funding from Sistema Nacional de Investigadores de Panamá-SNI. José das Neves was supported in his contribution to this work by a Fellowship from Fundação para a Ciência e a Tecnologia, Portugal (SFRH/BPD/92934/2013). Lijing L Yan is supported by the National Natural Sciences Foundation of China grants (71233001 and 71490732). Olanrewaju Oladimeji is an African Research Fellow at Human Sciences Research Council (HSRC) and Doctoral Candidate at the University of KwaZulu-Natal (UKZN), South Africa, and would like to acknowledge the institutional support by leveraging on the existing organisational research infrastructure at HSRC and UKZN. Nicholas Steel received funding from Public Health England as a Visiting Scholar in the Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation in 2016. No individuals acknowledged received additional compensation for their efforts.
- Deep-fat frying
- Edible film
- Fat reduction
- Water content