Ectomycorrhizal diversity in a mature pedunculate oak stand near Morović, Serbia

Marina Milović, Branislav Kovačević, Milan Drekić, Andrej Pilipović, Saša Pekeč, Lazar Kesić, Milutin Đilas, Velisav Karaklić, Zoran Galić

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Pedunculate oak is among the most economically important deciduous forest tree species in Europe and is also a host for many important ectomycorrhizal (ECM) fungi. The aim of this study was to analyse the ECM fungal community in a mature pedunculate oak stand near Morović, Serbia in spring and autumn. ECM fungi were determined by combining morpho-anatomical characterization of ectomycorrhizas with molecular analysis based on PCR amplification of the internal transcribed spacer region of fungal nuclear ribosomal DNA. The number of ECM fungal taxa and the number of different categories of fine roots were counted, diversity indices were calculated, and ECM fungi were classified into exploration types. Twenty-one ECM fungal taxa were recorded in the studied mature pedunculate oak stand, 19 in spring and 13 in autumn. ECM communities consisted of one dominant taxon and a larger number of rare taxa. Lactarius quietus was the most abundant ECM fungus in both seasons which made association with more than half of ECM root tips. At the stand near Mo-rović, contact exploration type (ET) dominated, short-distance ET was less abundant, while medium-distance fringe ET and long-distance ET were rare in both seasons. The most pronounced difference between seasons is recorded in the number of ECM fungal taxa. The number of ECM fungal taxa and diversity indices recorded in the studied pedunculate oak stand were lower or similar compared to values obtained in stands of oak species across Europe.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)345-351
Number of pages7
Issue number6
StatePublished - 2023

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:


  • Ectomycorrhizal Fungi
  • ITS Region
  • Morpho-Anatomical Characterization
  • Quercus robur L


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