Economic pressure and health and weight management behaviors in African American couples: A family stress perspective

Catherine W. O'Neal, Amy Laura Arnold, Mallory Lucier-Greer, K. A.S. Wickrama, Chalandra M. Bryant

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

13 Scopus citations

Abstract

This study extends the family stress model by examining the influence of economic pressure on health and weight management behaviors mediated by depressive symptoms and spousal support among 506 African American married couples. The actor-partner interdependence model accounted for the interdependent nature of relationships. Findings support the family stress model; yet pathways differed slightly for husbands and wives. Economic pressure directly influenced depressive symptoms and spousal support. Spousal support was a buffer against poor health and weight management behaviors for husbands, while depressive symptoms exacerbated poor health and weight management behaviors for wives. These mechanisms have implications for practitioners who promote African American couples' well-being.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)625-637
Number of pages13
JournalJournal of Health Psychology
Volume20
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - May 9 2015
Externally publishedYes

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
This work was funded by a grant from the National Institute for Child Health & Human Development, R01-HD050045; Chalandra M. Bryant is principal investigator.

Publisher Copyright:
© 2015 The Author(s).

Keywords

  • African Americans
  • depression
  • economic pressure
  • health behavior
  • marriage

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