Economic evaluation of reamed versus unreamed intramedullary nailing in patients with closed and open tibial fractures: Results from the study to prospectively evaluate reamed intramedullary nails in patients with tibial fractures (SPRINT)

Matthias Briel, Sheila Sprague, Diane Heels-Ansdell, Gordon Guyatt, Mohit Bhandari, Gordon Blackhouse, David Sanders, Emil Schemitsch, Marc Swiontkowski, Paul Tornetta, Stephen D. Walter, Ron Goeree

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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Abstract

Introduction: Recently, results from the large, randomized study to prospectively evaluate reamed intramedullary nails in patients with tibial fractures (SPRINT) trial suggested a benefit for reamed intramedullary nail insertion in patients with closed tibial shaft fractures largely based on cost-neutral autodynamizations and a potential advantage for unreamed intramedullary nailing in open fractures. We performed an economic evaluation to compare resource use and effectiveness of reamed and unreamed intramedullary nailing using a cost-utility analysis. Methods: We calculated quality-adjusted life years (QALYs) for each patient from a self-administered health utility index 3 questionnaire for the first 12 months following the intramedullary nailing. A convenience sample of 235 SPRINT patients provided data on costs associated with health care resource utilization. All costs are reported in Canadian dollars for the 2008 financial year. Results: We found incremental effects of -0.017 (95% confidence interval [CI] -0.021-0.058) and -0.002 (95% CI -0.060-0.062) QALYs for patients treated with reamed compared with unreamed intramedullary nails in closed and open fractures, respectively. The incremental costs for reamed compared with unreamed intramedullary nailing were $51 Canadian dollars (95% CI -$2298-$2400) in closed tibial fractures and $2546 Canadian dollars (95%CI -$1773-$6864) in open tibial fractures. Unreamed nailing dominated reamed nailing for both closed and open tibial fractures; however, the cost and the utility results had high variability. Conclusion: Our economic analysis from a governmental perspective suggests small differences in both cost and effectiveness with large uncertainty between reamed and unreamed intramedullary nailing.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)450-457
Number of pages8
JournalValue in Health
Volume14
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 2011

Keywords

  • Cost-utility analysis
  • Economic analysis
  • Reamed intramedullary nails
  • Tibia fractures
  • Unreamed intramedullary nails

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