Ecological Momentary Assessment of the Breakfast, Lunch, and Dinner Family Meal Environment in Racially/Ethnically Diverse and Immigrant Households

Jerica M Berge, Maureen Beebe, Mireya Carmen Martinez Smith, Allan Tate, Amanda Trofholz, Katie Loth

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

17 Scopus citations

Abstract

OBJECTIVE: To describe meal characteristics across breakfast, lunch, and dinner family meals in racially/ethnically diverse and immigrant/refugee households via ecological momentary assessment; identify real-time meal characteristics associated with family meal frequency; and identify qualitative themes regarding parents' perspectives about meal characteristics and meal types that influence family meal frequency.

DESIGN: Cross-sectional study.

SETTING: In-home visits.

PARTICIPANTS: Children aged 5-7 years (n = 150) and their families from diverse and low-income households.

MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE(S): Mixed methods.

ANALYSIS: Multiple linear regression and hybrid deductive and inductive content analysis.

RESULTS: Quantitative results indicated several similar meal characteristics occurring across weekdays and weekend days and by meal type (eg, parent prepared the meal, food mostly homemade, meal eaten at table) and some significant negative associations (P < .05) between meal characteristics and family meal frequency (eg, fast food for family meals). Eight main qualitative themes with several subthemes supported and expanded the quantitative findings and added depth to interpretation of the findings.

CONCLUSIONS AND IMPLICATIONS: Results identified specific meal characteristics both quantitatively and qualitatively that may inform the development of interventions to increase the frequency of family meals so that more families can benefit from the protective nature of family meals.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)658-676
Number of pages19
JournalJournal of Nutrition Education and Behavior
Volume51
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 2019

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2019 Society for Nutrition Education and Behavior

Keywords

  • Ecological Momentary Assessment
  • family meals
  • mixed methods
  • parenting practices
  • qualitative

PubMed: MeSH publication types

  • Journal Article

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